If you are using a vehicle you know that there are so many vital parts, the failure of which will cost a lot of money and time. One of such components is the radiator which is responsible for the cooling of the engine.
Why is it so important?
The radiator, as was said before, is the component which makes sure that your car does not overheat. When the engine is in use it creates a lot of heat and if there was no component to reduce this, the engine will soon turn into an oven and your car will not be usable.
How does it function?
A person who does mechanical repairs in a reputed repair centre would be in a better position to explain the functionality of a radiator but I will try my best to tell you in simple words what it does. The basic function of the radiator is to ensure that the engine gets enough heat to function but not too much so that the components of the engine will melt and cause problems. The heat is absorbed by coolant which runs in the tubes which are laid across the engine and then the heat is transferred to the outside using a fan which blows the heat away.
What are the main components of the radiator and common faults?
The most important parts include the hoses, radiator caps, thermostat and gasket, water pump and cooling fan. These are also the main culprits when it comes to a failed or faulty radiator. A malfunctioning thermostat will not give the correct heat reading and, therefore, you will be at a loss in identifying when the engine is overheating. Skilled in car repairs services will be able to tell you if the thermostat is not working properly and they will replace it with a proper one.
If there is a leak in the radiator hoses you may see traces of coolant on the ground where you have stopped your car. However, traces of coolant on the floor may also be a result of a crack in the radiator or you may not have closed the radiator cap properly. If the issue is with the radiator cap all you have to do is replace it if you identified the issue early. If you did not, then you may end up having to replace the whole radiator as the cap is the main component which maintains the correct pressure.In many of the vehicles you may have seen on the sides of the road overheating, the issue is generally with the radiator cap or the hoses or they may have simply not checked the coolant levels and have run out of them.
Therefore, it is a good idea to have a basic knowledge about the radiator and things which can be done to make sure that it is functioning properly.